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Kenya


ICO Member: code n°37 (Colombian mild group)

Botanical species: washed Arabica

Bags: 60 kg jute bags (tare 1,1)

Flowering: MAIN from March to April SECONDARY from October to November

Harvest: MAIN from October to December SECONDARY from July to September

Harvesting method: hand picking

Shipment: mainly from November to April

Shipment port: Mombasa

Production: 850.000 bags


In 1893, coffee arrived in Kenya from Brazil with the help of French missionaries, not travelling very far from the place whereby 600 years earlier it began its long journey, Ethiopia, crossing all continents and thus closing the circle.

Cultivation was initially concentrated in the Kiambu district, north of Nairobi, the capital and nerve centre of coffee production, due to the numerous structures left in place by missionaries over time. The variety produced was originally exclusively Bourbon, today still known as French Mission Varietal, one of the best available.

Up until 1950, coffee was grown in large plantations managed by famers of European origin. In 1952, the market was opened up to Kenyans who set up cooperatives to share maintenance, investment and equipment costs, otherwise out of reach for small landowners. These cooperatives are today well organized and structured, subdivided into “districts” and “farms”, and responsible for the bulk of exports.

The sales system follows a well-defined plan: every week there are more than 500 lots sold at auction, only accessible to private accredited exporters, under the supervision of the Kenyan Coffee Board and Nairobi Coffee Exchange. Recently, in light of numerous complaints made by cooperatives concerning late payments and lack of profitability for growers through this sales system, local producers were given the possibility by the government to deal directly with exporters. Since 2002, auction sales have been handled by NCE by three accredited marketing agencies: Millers Socfinaf, Kenya Planters' Co-operative Union (KPCU) and Thika Coffee Mills (TCM).

 

QUALITY AND RESEARCH

Since 1950, the Coffee Research Foundation has in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and other external laboratories (including the US Scott Laboratories), developed numerous hybrid varieties, numbering from SL1 to SL40 (the SL28 and SL34 are currently the most common varieties on the market). In 1985, the Ruiri 11 variety was introduced, taking its name from the area where it was developed, born out of the necessity to find a plant, which was particularly resistant to disease and also high yield in production terms. In fact, this hybrid variety which is short in stature, has a crop density of 2500/3000 plants per hectare, in contrast to 1300 plants per hectare for traditional varieties. However, the shortcomings of this cultivar from the qualitative point of view, continue to make it unattractive for most traders which is why production remains limited (3% of the total). The Coffee Board of Kenya therefore continues its research in an attempt to bridge the gap.

Qualità di questa regione