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Cuba


Botanical species: Arabica (85%), Robusta (15%)

Bags: 60 kg

Flowering: from December until May

Harvest: from September until February

Harvesting method: handpicking

Shipment: from November until June

Shipment port: Santiago de Cuba

Production: 100.000 bags


Cuba is the biggest island of the Caribbean Archipelago.
Coffee was introduced here in 1748 through the French colonies who later introduced farmland improvements, increasing the Cuban coffee quality that knew its golden age during the XIX century.
After Cuban Revolution in 1959, coffee production began a decline mainly due to the fragmentation of cultivated lands and to the lack of incentives for small farmers by the government.
In 1962 coffee production suffered anotherdecline due to US embargo on exported goods and to the break-up of the Soviet Union at the end of XX century.
Today coffee production builds up only a small part of the whole Cuban exported products; most of the plants are cultivated in the mountaineous area of Sierra Maestra and totally exported by Cubaexport which guarantees the growers a fixed price.
Coffee production includes both Arabica and Robusta and comes mainly from smallholder farmers.

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